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Neural Nets Versus Logistic Regression: A Comparison of Each Model's Ability to Predict Commercial Bank Failures Timothy B. Bell Gary S. Ribar Jennifer Verchio KPMG Peat Marwick Introduction According to SAS No. 59, The Auditor's Consideration of an Entity's Abil-ity to Continue as a Going Concern [AICPA, 1988], the auditor has a respon-sibility to evaluate whether there is substantial doubt about the client's ability to continue as a going concern for a reasonable period of time, not to exceed one year beyond the date of the financial statements being audited. Once this evaluation is complete, if the auditor concludes there is substantial doubt, he is required to add an explanatory paragraph to the audit report reflecting his conclusion. The going concern evaluation is particularly troublesome for commercial bank clients operating in a regulated environment. For these in-stitutions, federal and state regulators ultimately decide whether and when a particular bank will be closed, and the auditor faces the additional challenge of predicting whether regulators will take such actions within 12 months of the date of the financial statements. This study examines the usefulness of annual financial statement data and alternative modeling methodologies for modeling regulators' decisions to close commercial banks. A bank failure prediction model could be applied at the audit planning stage (using annualized third quarter data) to aid resource al-location decisions. The model could also be applied at the review stage of the audit (using annual post-adjustment data) as an aid to the final opinion re-porting decision. We focus on two different methodologies - logistic regression and neural network computing - and compare their abilities to predict commercial bank failures over a 12-month horizon. Our preliminary results indicate that both methodologies yield similar predictive accuracy across the range of all pos-sible model cutoff values, with the neural network performing marginally bet-ter in the "gray area" where some failing banks appear to be less financially distressed. The remainder of the paper contains sections covering sampling method-ology, selection of candidate predictor variables, modeling methodology, es-timation of model fit, and prediction results. The paper concludes with a summary of our research findings.
Neural nets versus logistic regression: A comparison of each model's ability to predict commercial bank failures
Bell, Timothy B.
Ribar, Gary S.
Srivastava, Rajendra P., ed.
Going concern (Accounting)
Auditing -- Statistical Methods
Auditing Symposium X: Proceedings of the 1990 Deloitte & Touche/University of Kansas Symposium on Auditing Problems, pp. 029-053
|Source||Published by: University of Kansas, School of Business|
|Rights||Contents have not been copyrighted|
|Format||PDF page image with corrected OCR scanned at 400 dpi|
|Collection||Deloitte Digital Collection|
|Digital Publisher||University of Mississippi Library. Accounting Collection|