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medicine/ BfotecnnoiocjLi There is today an explosive growth in high-technology application. For example, advances in medicine, based in part on technologies borrowed from the physical sciences, are rapidly generating new commercial apparatus and techniques useful in diagnosis and treatment, including nuclear magnetic resonance, scanning electronic microscopes, a variety of lasers, and new sources of synchrotron radiation. • Already we see emerging the commercialization of biotechnology as a result of basic research work done during the past ten years. Potential applications appear to be most imminent in pharmaceuticals and agriculture. In the pharmaceutical industry, it will proceed most rapidly in such product areas as human insulin, antibiotics, vaccines, and protein compounds, with full-scale application in perhaps ten years. The initial application of biotechnology in agriculture will likely occur in the areas of animal disease treatment. The production of chemicals, environmental applications, and bioelectronics holds great promise over a longer timeframe. DR. FRANK PRESS President National Academy of Sciences computers The development of computers and their applications will continue to be very rapid during the coming decade. Microelectronic circuit costs will continue to fall rapidly, making very powerful microcomputers available for under $100 each. Enormous parallel computers comprised of thousands of cooperating microcomputers will also be built and will attain computation rates of tens of billions of instructions per second. Though our understanding of what will ultimately be involved is still limited, these giant machines will spur progress toward artificial intelligence—that is, the realization of systems able to duplicate such central human functions as the understanding of spoken language, the visual location of objects in complex scenes, and the ability to deal in sophisticated ways with natural language text of the sort that appears in magazines and newspapers. JACOB T. SCHWARTZ Director, Computer Science Division Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences New York Universtiy By 1990, the drive for computer power within the academic-scientific community, in association with the national laboratories, will have succeeded in achieving a completely new type of supercomputer architecture. These special-purpose devices will represent increases in computer power by factors of 100 to 10,000 over what one might expect from mainframe manufacture. Applications of these developments to other fields are certain to repeat the strong impact of this kind of research on the scientific industry that occurred in the early sixties. LEON M. LEDERMAN Director Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Forecast: Computer power
Lederman, Leon M.
Schwartz, Jacob T.
McCarty, Burton J.
Kilby, J. S.
Cyert, Richard M.
Medicine -- Forecasting
Biotechnology -- Forecasting
Computer industry -- Forecasting
Robotics -- Forecasting
Tempo, Vol. 28, no. 2 (1983), p. 32-33
|Source||Originally published by: Touche Ross, & Co.|
|Rights||Copyright and permission to republish held by: Deloitte|
|Format||PDF page image with corrected OCR scanned at 400 dpi|
|Collection||Deloitte Digital Collection|
|Digital Publisher||University of Mississippi Library. Accounting Collection|