In 1941, Mississippi Governor Paul B. Johnson Sr. appointed James O. Eastland to the U.S. Senate following the death of Pat Harrison. He served for only a few months, but then successfully ran for the seat in the 1942 regular election. In 1953, Eastland became chair of the Judiciary Committee’s Internal Security Subcommittee (the Senate version of the House of Un-American Activities Committee) and assumed leadership over the full Judiciary Committee in 1956. Under his leadership, that body became known as “the graveyard of civil rights legislation.” Eastland was also a high ranking member of the Agriculture Committee. In 1972, the Senate elected the Mississippian as President Pro Tempore, a largely honorary post that is actually third in the line of succession to the presidency. Eastland retired from Congress in December of 1978.
Digital Collection Information
The material provided here represents only a fraction of a much larger physical collection whose finding aid is available online.
James O. Eastland Collection Photographs contains only a selection of the images available in the collection. See the collection finding aid for a written description of all photographs, negatives, and slides. More images will be added to the digital collection over time with an anticipated completion date before the end of 2015.
The James O. Eastland Collection finding aid provides further information about the senator and his extensive collection. For other politically-related holdings at the Archives & Special Collections, see the Politics & Government Subject Guide.
The digitization and preservation of recordings in this collection are the result of a project supported in part by a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services. Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed on this website do not necessarily represent those of the Institute of Museum and Library Services.
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